Lagos was invaded by British forces in 1851

The history of Nigeria can be traced to settlers trading across the middle East and Africa as early as 1100 BC. Numerous ancient African civilizations settled in the region that is known today as Nigeria, such as the Kingdom of Nri, the Benin Empire, and the Oyo Empire.

Islam reached Nigeria through the Borno Empire between (1068 AD) and Hausa States around (1385 AD) during the 11th century, while Christianity came to Nigeria in the 15th century through Augustinian and Capuchin monks from Portugal.

The Songhai Empire also occupied part of the region.

The history of Nigeria has been crucially impacted by the Transatlantic Slave Trade, which started in Nigeria in the late 15th century. At first, Europeans captured people who lived along the coast.

The first slave trading post used by the British and the Portuguese is Badagry , a coastal harbour.

The chains where they tied up young and virile young people still stands today. Later, they used local brokers to provide them with slaves. This activity escalated conflicts among the different ethnic groups in the region and disrupted older trade patterns through the Trans-Saharan route.

Lagos was invaded by British forces in 1851 and formally annexed in 1865. Nigeria became a British protectorate in 1901 while her colonization lasted until 1960, when an independence movement succeeded in gaining her independence.

Nigeria first became a republic in 1963, but succumbed to military rule three years later after a bloody coup d’état.

A separatist movement later formed the Republic of Biafra in 1967, leading to the three-year Nigerian Civil War.

Nigeria became a republic once again after a new constitution was written in 1979. However, the republic was short-lived, when the military seized power again for another four years.

A new republic was planned to be established in 1993, but was aborted by General Sani Abacha. Abacha died in 1998 and a fourth republic was later established the following year, which ended three decades of intermittent military rule.


The Federation of Nigeria was granted full independence on 1 October 1960 under a constitution that provided for a parliamentary government and a substantial measure of self-government for the country’s three regions.

In October 1963 Nigeria proclaimed itself the Federal Republic of Nigeria, and former Governor-General Nnamdi Azikiwe became the country’s first President.

From the outset, Nigeria’s ethnic and religious tensions were magnified by the disparities in economic and educational development between the south and the north.

The AG was manoeuvred out of control of the Western Region by the Federal Government and a new pro-government Yoruba party, the Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDP), took over.

Shortly afterwards the AG opposition leader, Chief Obafemi Awolowo, was imprisoned to be without foundation.

The 1965 national election produced a major realignment of politics and a disputed result that set the country on the path to civil war.

The dominant northern NPC went into a conservative alliance with the new Yoruba NNDP, leaving the Igbo NCNC to coalesce with the remnants of the AG in a progressive alliance.

In the vote, widespread electoral fraud was alleged and riots erupted in the Yoruba West where heartlands of the AG discovered they had apparently elected pro-government NNDP representatives.


hat comes to mind when you hear ‘Nigeria’?

One in every five African is Nigerian; that is how large and populated Nigeria is. It is not just Africa’s most populous nation, but also Africa’s most popular nation.

To some people in the west, every African is a Nigerian, one can hardly fault them; Nigerians are all around the globe, inscribing their names on the map of every continent. But what is the country most famous for across the globe?

OIL – The number one thing Africa’s giant is most famous for is petroleum.When you think oil, you think Nigeria. Nigeria remains Africa’s largest oil producer, though the country went from being 10th to 12th largest producer of oil in the world.

Oil plays a major role in the country’s economy, accounting for about 70 percent of government revenue and 95 percent of foreign exchange income.

THE CITY OF LAGOS – Renowned as Africa’s big apple, Lagos is an economic focal point, an industrial hub and a commercial powerhouse to not just Nigerians, but to the world.

The city of Lagos is Nigeria’s most cosmopolitan city and a melting pot of a variety of culture – African, Asian and European – with a diverse and large number of American, European, Asian, and Lebanese expatriates who live in, and juggle businesses in and out of the country.

TERRORISM (BOKO HARAM) – Unfortunately, not everything the country is known for is positive. The prevalence of the terrorist sect Boko Haram has placed the country at the centre of the international media, making the country even more famous than its oil. The result of search engines when ‘Nigeria’ is typed is proof of this. Whether the Nigerian people like it or not, the name ‘Nigeria’ is now synonymous with terrorism.

 CORRUPTION – Although corruption is a widespread phenomenon that is not only peculiar to just Nigeria, it is a pandemic in the country that every elected leader has promised to eradicate yet failed to. But with the current administration, Nigerians have renewed hope for a corrupt free state. President Buhari has given a new definition to corruption, and vowed to eradicate it. Hopefully at the end of his tenure, corruption will seize to be on this list.

ENTERTAINMENT – America has Hollywood, India has Bollywood and Nigeria has Nollywood. The Nigerian film industry has grown to become the second largest in the world in terms of the number of movies produced annually, placing it ahead of Hollywood and behind Bollywood. Nigerian actors and producers like Omotola Jalade Ekeinde, and Kunle Afolayan have also made their mark in the international scene.

The Nigerian music industry also pulls its weight in the international scene, with quite a number of international collaborations and recognition.


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