What is Acne? Causes of Acne, and Treatments for Acne


Acne (acne vulgaris, common acne) is a disease of the hair follicles of the face, chest, and back that affects almost all teenagers during puberty. The only exception being members of a few primitive Neolithic tribes living in isolation. It is not caused by bacteria, although bacteria play a role in its development. It is not unusual for some women to develop acne in their mid- to late-20s.

Acne vulgaris is typical teenage acne which is characterized by three types of lesions

If you have acne, you’ll typically notice pimples that are white or black. Both blackheads and whiteheads are known as comedones. Others includes

  • Papules are small, red, raised bumps caused by inflamed or infected hair follicles.
  • Pustules are small red pimples that have pus at their tips.
  • Nodules are solid, often painful lumps beneath the surface of your skin.
  • Cysts are large lumps found beneath your skin that contain pus and are usually painful.


Women are more likely to have adult acne than men. It’s thought that many cases of adult acne are caused by the changes in hormone levels that many women have at certain times.

These times include:

  • periods – some women have a flare-up of acne just before their period
  • pregnancy – many women have symptoms of acne at this time, usually during the first 3 months of their pregnancy
  • polycystic ovary syndrome – a common condition that can cause acne, weight gain and the formation of small cysts inside the ovary
  • Other causes includes:some cosmetics products,steriod medicines for treating depression and bipolar disorder


  1. Hairstyling Products That Touch Your Skin Can Contribute to Acne:Breakouts caused by hair-care products are so common, which can trap acne-causing bacteria in your pores. Clogged pores become inflamed, resulting in redness, pus, and ultimately blackheads and whiteheads along the hairline and forehead.
  2. Facial Hair Removal Can Lead to Acne in an Unexpected Way:Topical products applied to your skin before or after hair removal can be comedogenic (meaning they clog pores and promote acne).
  3.  Using Too Many Skin-Care Products Can Aggravate Skin, Causing Acne:Switching products or adding a new one before giving it a chance to work “challenges your skin with new preservatives and active ingredients, which can be irritating and cause breakouts.Anti-acne products can cause blemishes if you use too many.
  4. A Diet High in Processed Food and Refined Carbs May Lead to Acne:The latest scientific evidence suggests that high-carbohydrate diets may predispose you to acne, Specifically, diets high in refined carbohydrates (“white” foods including white bread and white pasta, along with crackers, cake, and cookies) that are high on the glycemic index may increase the development and severity of breakouts, yet more research is needed. The glycemic index is a scale that gauges how much a certain food can affect blood sugar levels.
 Stress Is Accompanied by Hormonal Changes That Increase Your Risk for Acne:Stress can worsen acne by leading to a release of inflammatory chemicals called neuropeptides and hormonal changes


  • keeping your face clean and your hair away: especially if your hair tends to be greasy. Oils from your hair and face also build up on your bedding. Changing your pillowcase daily or weekly can help prevent this buildup.
  • Wash your face two to three times per day: wash you face with lukewarm water and a gentle cleanser that’s not abrasive. Don’t scrub your skin too hard. This can aggravate your skin even more.
  • Try not to use skin care products that can be irritating: such as scented lotions or oil-based makeup. Choose moisturizers and sunscreens that are labeled “noncomedogenic.” This means that the product won’t clog your pores.
  • Antibiotics:Your doctor may prescribe a daily antibiotic pill, such as tetracycline. It can help fight bacteria and infection from the inside out. Antibiotics are commonly used with topical medication when gels and creams alone don’t improve your condition.
  • Laser therapy:Laser therapy may also help improve acne infection. Laser light helps reduce the amount of bacteria on your skin that causes acne.
  • Talk to your doctor: Acne is a very treatable condition. When basic lifestyle changes don’t seem to do the trick, try the least invasive treatment, OTC products. If you need something stronger, schedule an appointment with your doctor. They will assess your acne and suggest next steps for treatment. Advanced medical research is finding new ways to fight infection.

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